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Vrije Universiteit University, Amsterdam

anthropomorphism

With three items, this scale measures a consumer’s belief that a brand expresses interest in being part of one’s life.

This three-item scale measures the belief that a brand is attempting to build a sense of closeness between itself and the consumer (the respondent).

Using three, seven-point Likert-type items, the scale measures the degree to which a person attributes thought and emotion to a logo regarding its helplessness and not being in control.

Three, seven-point Likert-type items measure the degree to which a logo appears to move as if it is alive.

The general tendency to attribute distinct human mental capacities to nonhumans is measured with 15 questions.

A person’s attribution of humanlike qualities to time (free will, emotions, intentions) is measured using six, seven-point items.

How much a person views time in a certain situation as being a beneficial entity or a maleficent force is measured with three, nine-point items.

The attribution of human-like qualities such as self-awareness and desires to a brand is measured in the scale using three, seven-point Likert-type items.

Three, seven-point unipolar items are used to measure the degree to which a person believes that a particular brand possesses human-like characteristics associated with social and environmental concerns.