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I really appreciate your marketing scales database online. It is an important resource for both our students and our researchers as well. Since my copies of the original books are slowly disintegrating due to the intensive use, I am happy that you are making them available in this way. It is very helpful in the search for viable constructs on which to do sound scientific research.
Dr. Ingmar Leijen
Vrije Universiteit University, Amsterdam

attitudes

Four, seven-point statements are used to measure a consumer's perceptions regarding the overall price level of a store relative to its competitors and disregarding the store's willingness to give refunds as part of its price matching guarantee.

Three items are used to measure a consumer's estimate of a product's price.

This five-item, seven-point scale is intended to measure the degree to which a person describes another person as having skills and/or expertise on a topic. The person being described in the study by Comer (1984) was sales manager while in the study by Dellande, Gilly, and Graham (2004) the person was a weight loss counselor.

Three unipolar items with a seven-point response format are used to measure the degree to which a person describes something as having a quality that indicates a lack of power and authority.

A six item, seven point semantic differential scale is used to measure a person's beliefs concerning the time and effort involved in a specified method of placing an order. As described below, the setting used by Dabholkar (1994) was ordering at a fast-food restaurant and two options were compared: touch screen ordering versus verbally placing the order with an employee.

Three, nine-point bi-polar adjectives are used to measure the extent to which a person believes a certain result has been achieved.

Three, nine-point statements are used to measure the extent to which a consumer believes that the advertised new features of a product provide additional benefits and value to the product.

Four, seven-point Likert-type statements are used to measure a person's belief that buying from a certain company is preferable to buying from others. The scale was called cognitive loyalty by Harris and Goode (2004) and was used with respect to online stores but it appears to be amenable for use with a variety of vendors.

A person's belief that his/her repeated experience has shown that buying from a certain company is better than buying from others is measured with four, seven-point Likert-type items. The scale was called conative loyalty by Harris and Goode (2004) and was used with respect to online stores but it appears to be amenable for use with a variety of vendors.

The scale has four, seven-point Likert-type statements that are intended to measure the extent to which a person likes a certain company along with its features, services, and offerings. The scale was called affective loyalty by Harris and Goode (2004) and was used with respect to online stores but it appears to be amenable for use with a variety of vendors.