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Scale Reviews

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This scales book is a classic in psychometrics. It is instrumental for survey researchers in the fields of advertising, marketing, consumer psychology, and other related fields that rely largely on attitudinal measures. My copy has gotten me through years of field research by helping provide testable, reliable scales.
Angeline Close Scheinbaum, Ph.D.
University of Texas at Austin


The scale has eight, seven-point Likert-type items that are intended to measure a person's belief in either the stability of body type (entity theory) or their ability to change basic body characteristics (incremental theory).  To be clear, beliefs about the nature of human bodies in general are measured by this scale rather than what people think about a particular person’s body.

A consumer’s belief that he/she does not have the ability to sway a brand and its employees toward his/her stance with regard to some issue or conflict is measured with four, seven-point Likert-type items.

The scale has three, seven-point Likert-type items that measure the degree to which a person redefined his/her role in a relationship due to some event.  The event is not stated in the items themselves but should be made clear to respondents in the context of the study or the instructions.

The scale is composed of five, six-point items that measure one’s expectation that if he/she were able to purchase a certain product then it would have a positive impact on one’s life in terms of confidence, status, and image.

Three, seven-point Likert-type items measure a person’s belief that his/her fate is not fixed but, instead, can be changed.

This three item scale measures a customer's belief that it is not worth changing from the type of checkout he/she has experience with at a store to another form of checkout.

Using five, seven-point Likert-type items, this scale measures a person's reluctance to engage in behaviors that appear to be risky.

With three, six-point Likert-type items, this scale is intended to measure a person's beliefs regarding the malleability of traits and attributes related to things in the world (self, others, and the environment).  At one extreme, some believe that the world is uncontrollable and fixed while at the other extreme there are people who view people and things as changeable and adaptive.

The scale is composed of 95 items and uses a five-point, Likert-type response format. It is intended to measure a personality characteristic concerned with the desire for change and variation in stimuli. The originators of the scale have said that change seeking ''is a habitual, consistent pattern of behavior which acts to control the amount and kind of stimulus input a given organism receives'' (Garlington and Shimota 1964, p. 920).

This nine-point, four item scale is intended to measure the degree of variety a consumer perceives there to be in an assortment of some product and the enjoyment derived from having access to that variety.