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Vrije Universiteit University, Amsterdam

citizenship

Five, seven-point Likert-type items are used to measure the degree to which a citizen of a country does not identify with the majority nationality group and, instead, accepts an oppositional identity.

This scale uses three, seven-point items to measure the extent to which a person either views him/herself as a "citizen" of the world or as a local "citizen."

The extent to which a person identifies with people around the world is measured in this scale using nine, seven point statements.

The scale is composed of five, seven-point Likert-type statements that are intended to measure the degree to which a person identifies with a particular country. The items might also be used with respect to a subculture or ethnic group.

The extent to which a person expresses preference for and identification with his/her country rather than others is measured with this six item, five-point scale.