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Testimonial

The Marketing Scales Handbook is indispensable in identifying how constructs have been measured and the support for a measure's validity and reliability. I have used it since the beginning as a resource in my doctoral seminar and as an aid to my own research. An electronic version will make it even more accessible to researchers in Marketing and affiliated fields.
Dr. Terry Childers
Iowa State University

ethnicity

Three, five-point items are used to measure how much a person attends to radio, T.V., and movies that are just in English, are about the same amount in both languages, or are only in Spanish.

The scale has four, five-point items that measure how much a person primarily socializes with other Latinos rather than non-Latino Americans, about the same amount for both groups, or only socializes with non-Latino Americans.

With five, five-point items, the scale measures the degree to which a person is able to read and speak just English and not Spanish, is able to read and speak both languages equally well, or is only fluent in Spanish..

The extent to which a person is interested in and feels attached to a particular subculture is measured with six, five-point Likert-type items.

A person's belief that an advertiser created a particular ad and aimed it at people like him/her is measured with three items.

The degree to which a consumer actively rejects the perceived domestic consumer culture and distances him/herself from it is measured in the scale using six, seven-point Likert-type items.

Five, seven-point Likert-type items are used to measure the degree to which a citizen of a country does not identify with the majority nationality group and, instead, accepts an oppositional identity.

A person's opinion regarding the mixture of Spanish and English in conversation is measured in this scale using nine, seven-point Likert-type items.

A ten-item, seven-point Likert-type scale is used to measure the degree of subtly degrading and derogatory opinions held by a person toward blacks in general. The items suggest that blacks are socially, morally, and/or educationally backward.

Seven, five-point Likert-type statements are used to measure the degree to which a person processes an advertisement, particularly the model featured in the ad, such that it is related to one's self-concept. The emphasis of the construct is on the way the ad is processed rather than on self-concept itself.