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Testimonial

As a researcher, it's important to use validated scales to ensure reliability and improve interpretation of research results. The Marketing Scales database provides an easy, unified source to find and reference scales, including information on reliability and validity.
Krista Holt
Senior Director, Research & Design, Vital Findings

fairness

With four, nine-point items, the scale measures the extent to which a person believes that one or more employees of a company engaged in improper activity that deceived and harmed clients.

The scale measures a consumer’s belief that if he/she was wronged in some way by a brand and/or some employees associated with it then the memories of the unfair behavior would be an obsession.  Six, seven-point Likert-type items compose the scale.

The scale uses four, seven-point Likert-type items to measure the degree to which a customer believes a particular company treats him/her unfairly.

The scale uses three semantic differentials to measure how much a customer believes he/she was treated fairly by a business and as deserved.

The scale uses three, seven-point Likert-type items to measure one’s belief that it is fair for visitors to give something to a website in return for access to free content.

The extent to which a person believes that the visitor-related procedures used by a website are fair, particularly with respect to handling information, is measured with four, seven-point Likert-type items.

Three items are used to measure a person's belief that countries which are the recipients of jobs or other functions that have been moved from their original country (outsourced) are unfairly taking advantage of lower labor costs.

A person's level of satisfaction with the way a company has resolved a problem is assessed with three, seven-point Likert-type items.

Four, seven-point Likert-type items are used to measure a person's attitude about the fairness and reasonableness with which a conflict with a company was resolved.

Three, seven-point unipolar items are used to measure the degree to which a person believes that a particular brand possesses human-like characteristics associated with social and environmental concerns.