You are here

Scale Reviews

Find reliable measures for use in your questionnaires. Search Now


Measuring is complex and critical for research in marketing, advertising, and consumer psychology. These books are excellent tools for researchers and professionals of those areas that need to find reliable and valid scales for their research. They have helped me save time and consider new constructs in my academic research.
Juan Fernando Tavera
University of Antioquia, COLOMBIA


A person's negative reaction to the nonverbal expression of emotion by another person is measured in this scale with three, seven-point Likert-type items.

The tendency for a person's emotions to be adjusted, possibly subconsciously, to match those of another person is measured in this scale with eight, seven-point Likert-type items.

The scale has four, five-point items that are used to measure how much a consumer likes to interact with other shoppers in second-hand stores.

A six-item, seven-point summated rating scale is used to measure the frequency with which one contacts professionals in the health care industry for information about health-related issues.

A six-item, seven-point Likert-type scale is used to measure the degree to which a person who has just gone through an experience with other people describes feeling closer to them because of the events and activities they shared. Arnould and Price (1993) referred to the construct measured as communitas.

A three-item, five-point Likert-type scale is used to measure the degree to which a consumer prefers a personalized shopping experience rather than self-service stores where there is little personal interaction between salespeople and cus tomers. The scale was referred to by Forman and Sriram (1991) as attitude toward perceived depersonalization (APD).

The extent to which a response to a communication event at a website was perceived to be immediate or without delay is measured with four, seven-point items.

This scale has three, seven-point Likert-type items that measure the degree of control a person reports having over his/her interaction with a particular website. The scale was referred to as the control subfactor of a second-order construct that Wang et al. (2007) called flow. While this factor and the others measured by Wang et al. (2007) might as a set be viewed as composing flow, they do not individually appear to measure flow, thus, are not referred to here as such.

The scale is composed of five, seven-point items that are used to measure the degree to which the information provided in an interaction event at a website, such as clicking on something, is perceived to be appropriate and relevant.

Four, seven-point items are used to measure the extent to which communication with a website is perceived to be reciprocal or to allow mutual action.