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Testimonial

This scales book is a classic in psychometrics. It is instrumental for survey researchers in the fields of advertising, marketing, consumer psychology, and other related fields that rely largely on attitudinal measures. My copy has gotten me through years of field research by helping provide testable, reliable scales.
Angeline Close Scheinbaum, Ph.D.
University of Texas at Austin

leisure

This scale is composed of three, seven-point items that measure how much a person believes another person is busy at work rather than spending time in leisure activities.

The scale measures the degree to which a person views a particular activity as being like a chore and requiring effort to do.  Two- and three-item versions have been tested as have versions with slightly different items.

Five, six-point Likert-type items are used to measure the degree to which a person describes a behavior of his/hers as not being routine, planned, or anticipated. The behavior investigated by Unger (1981; Unger and Kernan 1983) was subjective leisure.  In the study by Guiry, Mägi, and Lutz (2006) the behavior was recreational shopping.

This is a five-item, six-point Likert-type scale that is supposed to measure the degree to which a person describes an activity or experience as being so absorbing that everything else is forgotten for a while. This scale was simply called involvement by Unger (1981; Unger and Kernan 1983) and the activity investigated was subjective leisure. In the study by Guiry, Mägi, and Lutz (2006) the activity was recreational shopping.

The extent to which a consumer indicates that shopping is something he/she likes to do is measured using seven-point Likert-type statements.

Three, seven-point semantic differentials are used to measure the degree to which a person considers the normal price charged for a particular good, service, or activity make the deal a good value.

The degree to which a person indicates being a fan of some form of entertainment, particularly a sports team, is measured in this scale by three, seven-point Likert-type items.