You are here

Scale Reviews

Find reliable measures for use in your questionnaires. Search Now

Testimonial

The Marketing Scales Handbook is indispensible in identifying how constructs have been measured and the support for a measure's validity and reliability. I have used it since the beginning as a resource in my doctoral seminar and as an aid to my own research. An electronic version will make it even more accessible to researchers in Marketing and affiliated fields.
Dr. Terry Childers
Iowa State University

luxuries

With three, seven-point semantic-differentials, this scale measures the extent to which a consumer believes a product to be either a luxury brand (at one end) or a “value” brand (at the other end).

The degree to which luxury brands are viewed as expressing something about one's self (beliefs, attitudes, values) is measured with this scale using four, seven-point Likert-type items.

Four, seven-point items are used to measure the degree to which luxury brands are viewed as facilitating self-expression and helping to project a particular image in social settings.

Seven, seven-point items are used to measure the expected likelihood that a certain hotel chain has several particular benefits characteristic of a higher quality establishment.

The level of pleasure a person thinks he/she would receive from eating a particular food item is measured with three, five point Likert-type items. Given the phrasing of item #2, the food is a treat rather than something common. In the study by Naylor et al. (2008), participants responded to this scale with respect to a chocolate featured in an advertisement by a chocolatier.

The scale is composed of four, five point Likert-type items that are intended to measure the degree to which a person attributes social meaning to a recent experience at a resort/spa.

The four, seven-point items in this scale measure the degree to which a person describes an object such as a product or person as having the quality of elegance, beauty, and status. The scale was called perceptions of luxury index by Hagtvedt and Patrick (2008).

This scale has six, six-point Likert-type items that are intended to measure the degree to which a person believes that a product is either a "luxury" or a "necessity" for the majority of people.