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Testimonial

Measuring is complex and critical for research in marketing, advertising, and consumer psychology. These books are excellent tools for researchers and professionals of those areas that need to find reliable and valid scales for their research. They have helped me save time and consider new constructs in my academic research.
Juan Fernando Tavera
University of Antioquia, COLOMBIA

magazine

Three, seven-point uni-polar items compose the scale and measure the degree to which a person believes a particular magazine is useful and worth reading.  The emphasis is on the magazine's utilitarian value rather than its hedonic value.

The scale measures the the extent to which a person perceives that an advertisement has interfered with his/her processing of the non-advertising content of a medium, e.g., watching a TV program, surfing the web, reading articles in a magazine. Although the construct is theorized to lead to negative affective reactions (irritation) and behavioral responses (avoidance), it is viewed as distinct from them.

The eight item, seven-point Likert-type scale appears to measure a person's positive affective reaction to some specific stimulus.

The five item, seven-point Likert-type scale appears to measure a person's negative affective reaction to some specific stimulus.

Three, seven-point statements are used to measure a person's opinion of the relative physical attractiveness of a model (female) featured in an ad as compared to other models that are normally seen.

The scale is composed of three, seven-point items measuring the extent to which a person reports engaging in behaviors that indicate he/she tries to avoid ads appearing in magazines.