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Testimonial

I have relied on the Marketing Scales Handbooks over several years in academic and industry roles and look forward to using the newest edition. A seven on a seven-point satisfaction scale!
Tom Prinsen, Ph.D.
Global Manager Market Intelligence, Biomet Orthope

power

The scale uses three, five-point unipolar items to measure how much a person describes someone as having traits stereotypically associated with males.

Three, seven-point semantic differentials compose the scale and measure the extent to which a person feels strong and in-control at a particular point in time.  To be clear, this scale was created to measure a person’s state rather than a personality trait or enduring characteristic. 

A consumer’s belief that he/she does not have the ability to sway a brand and its employees toward his/her stance with regard to some issue or conflict is measured with four, seven-point Likert-type items.

The scale has three, nine-point Likert-type items that measure the degree to which a person believes him/herself to lack control of things at the current point in time.  Unlike some measures of this construct, this scale it does not suggest or identify the entity that is believed to be in control, merely that the respondent believes he/she does not have control.  Also, unlike most other measures of the construct, this measure focuses the respondent’s attention on the moment rather than being something the person has believed over a long period of time.

This seven-item, seven-point Likert-type scale is used to measure a momentary self-centered and arrogant frame of mind.

Using three questions, this scale measures how much a person believes that at a particular point in time he/she had power over other people.

The importance a person places on hard work to attain financial rewards and social power is measured with five, eight-point items.

With five, seven-point Likert-type items, the scale is intended to measure a person’s motivation to be in control of people and decisions.

The degree to which a person expresses a trait-like need for power and the tendency to be controlling in social relationships is measured with six, seven-point items.

The degree to which a person believes him/herself to be in control and able to get his/her way is measured with five, ten-point Likert-type items.  The statements themselves are rather general and do not explicitly measure power as a trait or as a state.  Instructions used with the statements can help focus participants’ attention on one versus the other type of powerfulness.