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Testimonial

Measuring is complex and critical for research in marketing, advertising, and consumer psychology. These books are excellent tools for researchers and professionals of those areas that need to find reliable and valid scales for their research. They have helped me save time and consider new constructs in my academic research.
Juan Fernando Tavera
University of Antioquia, COLOMBIA

reciprocity

The scale measures the degree to which a customer believes that the relationship between him/her and a particular service firm is such that the parties are genuinely willing to help each other and put the other’s needs above their own.  Eight, seven-point Likert-type items compose the measure.

Four, seven-point Likert-type items measure a customer’s belief that his/her relationship with a particular service firm is such that the parties look out for their own interests first and foremost.

With three, seven-point Likert-type items, the scale measures a customer’s belief that a particular deal he/she has negotiated with a business provides equal benefits for both parties.

Four, seven-point items are used to measure the extent to which communication with a website is perceived to be reciprocal or to allow mutual action.

The scale is composed of six, seven-point Likert-type statements that measure the degree to which a person believes that his/her support of a particular organization is truly appreciated.