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Measuring is complex and critical for research in marketing, advertising, and consumer psychology. These books are excellent tools for researchers and professionals of those areas that need to find reliable and valid scales for their research. They have helped me save time and consider new constructs in my academic research.
Juan Fernando Tavera
University of Antioquia, COLOMBIA

sacrifice

The degree to which a person is willing to make sacrifices for the long-term good of society as well as for other causes of personal importance is measured with seven, seven-point Likert-type items.

The scale uses four, nine-point Likert-type items to measure one's preference for being a member of the group rather than apart from the group.

The scale is composed of eight items that attempt to assess the extent to which a person sees one's self as a member of a group but with members having different amounts of status. Although interdependence is accepted, so is inequality though service and sacrifice are stressed.

The three-item, nine-point scale measures the resources (money, time, effort) that are given up in order to obtain a specified service.