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I have relied on the Marketing Scales Handbooks over several years in academic and industry roles and look forward to using the newest edition. A seven on a seven-point satisfaction scale!
Tom Prinsen, Ph.D.
Global Manager Market Intelligence, Biomet Orthope


Four Likert-type items are used to measure the degree to which a person expresses satisfaction with air travel in general. The scale was referred to as convenience by Bruning, Kovacic, and Oberdick (1985).

This is a three-item, seven-point Likert-type scale measuring the degree to which a consumer describes a transaction with a dealer as being fair. The type of dealer studied by Oliver and Swan (1989) was for cars.

Two-item, five-point items are used to measure the recalled number of times a company failed to handle a customer's request in the previous two years. Crosby and Stephens (1987) used the scale with policy owners and asked them to respond about insurance companies.

A seven-item, Likert-type scale is used in measuring a person's perception of the responsiveness of business to consumer complaints.

This three-item, five-point Likert-type scale measures a person's general level of satisfaction with his/ her life.

The four item, nine-point scale measures a consumer's attitude toward a specific brand. The scale was used in the study by Duncan and Nelson (1985) with respect to a product advertised as a "men's home permanent" (p. 35).

Twelve Likert-type items are used to measure a consumer's level of satisfaction with a car that has recently been purchased.