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skepticism

The scale has three, seven-point items which measure a person’s disbelief that a particular company is one of the worst ones in its industry as reported by a major consumer organization.  The scale instructions frame the situation as hypothetical but minor changes could make the scale amenable for use with an actual event.

The degree to which a person is apprehensive and distrusting of other people in general is measured with four, seven-point unipolar items.

Seven-point Likert-type items are used to measure a consumer’s skepticism about improvement claims being made about a product by the company.  A two- and three-item version are discussed.

Three, seven-point items are used to measure a shopper's belief that a particular retailer advertises sales prices in order to attract customers even though the prices have not been discounted much. 

A person's doubt that the regular price of a product was stated truthfully in an advertisement is measured with three, seven point Likert-type items.

The degree to which a person believes that a store uses low-price guarantees to attract customers even though it does not have the lowest prices in the market area is measured with three, seven-point Likert-type items.

The scale is composed of four, seven-point Likert-type items intended to measure the believability of claims made in the promotion of a so-called "green" product.  Although the statements are amenable for use with respect to claims for "green" products in general, they may be best suited for use with one product at a time.

Three statements are used in this scale to measure the degree to which a person believes that a certain store uses a form of sales promotion that is insincere and that misleads customers.

Three items measure the level of doubt and uncertainty a consumer has with the veracity of some stimulus. In the study by Babin, Boles, and Darden (1995), the stimulus being evaluated was a car salesperson as described in some text.  In the study by Taylor, Halstead, and Haynes (2010), the focus was on the "marketer" who supposedly had placed a certain ad in a telephone directory.

The scale is composed of four statements with a seven-point Likert-type response format and is intended to measure the degree to which a person is doubtful that a claim made by a marketer about its "low prices" is true.