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The Handbook series is a significant compendium of scales published in the most impacting marketing literature. I am a proud owner of the series and hope to be able to continue collecting the volumes in the years to come.
Dr. Emanuel Said
Lecturer in Marketing, University of Malta

task

Three, seven-point Likert-type statements are used to measure the level to which a consumer was "window shopping" and simply "looking around" during some specific shopping trip. This is opposed to the type of search that occurs when shopping time is focused on getting items towards which purchase intentions have already been developed.

The scale is composed of three, seven-point semantic differentials that are used to assess a person's thoughts and feelings with regard to a task he/she has recently engaged in. The measure was referred to as task enjoyment by Park, Jun, and MacInnis (2000).

The six item, seven-point semantic differential scale attempts to measure a person's opinion of a measure task he or she has just engaged in. The scale assesses several facets of the task such as how easy it was and how well the measure allowed the respondent to express his or her attitude.

Five items are used to measure the relative level of resources (time, money, effort) spent by a shopper in a store during a recent visit. Three of the items were Likert-type in nature whereas the two other items were open-ended, and ratio-level answers were apparently expected from respondents.

Four semantic differential items are used to measure the degree to which a subject, who has just taken part in an experiment, indicates being seriously concerned with the activities requested of him or her. As written, the items focus on tasks related to looking at ads and evaluating products.

Three, seven-point semantic differentials are used to measure the degree to which a person views a choice task as being likable and familiar.

This is a six-item, seven-point Likert-type scale measuring the amount of time, effort, and/or money a consumer perceives were put into making a transaction with a car dealer.

The scale is composed of seven, seven-point Likert-type items that are intended to measure the amount of time and effort a consumer thinks a salesperson put into a deal. Oliver and Swan (1989b) reported using the full seven-item version of this scale whereas previously (1989a) they used an abbreviated version in their analyses (see below).

A seven-item, seven-point Likert-type scale is used to measure the amount of time and effort a consumer perceives that he/she put into dealing with a salesperson. Oliver and Swan (1989b) reported using the full seven item version of this scale whereas previously (1989a) they had used an abbreviated version in their analyses.

This is a four-item, five-point Likert-type scale measuring the degree to which a customer perceives a salesperson to have been interested and diligently attempting to complete a particular sales transaction. Williams and Spiro (1985) viewed this scale as measuring the task-oriented dimension of salesperson communication style, which is goal directed and purposeful.