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Scale Reviews

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I really appreciate your marketing scales database online. It is an important resource for both our students and our researchers as well. Since my copies of the original books are slowly disintegrating due to the intensive use, I am happy that you are making them available in this way. It is very helpful in the search for viable constructs on which to do sound scientific research.
Dr. Ingmar Leijen
Vrije Universiteit University, Amsterdam


The scale uses four, nine-point unipolar items to measure a person's belief that a certain brand is ordinary and typical rather than being characterized as a leader or innovative brand.

This scale has five, seven-point Likert-type items that measure the extent to which a person values one's culture, traditions, and family heritage.

The scale uses four statements with a seven-point Likert-type response format to measure the degree to which a person has a holistic view of time rather than focusing on the present, with an emphasis on the importance of tradition.

Three statements are used in the scale to measure the degree to which one member of a married couple believes in his/her ability to raise and resolve issues with the other member.

The scale is composed of six, nine-point statements that measure the value a person places on the maintenance of the shared symbols and practices of a group.

The seven point semantic differential scale measures the degree to which a person's evaluation of the propriety of some stimulus is based upon beliefs shaped early in life by sources such as the family.

Three, seven-point Likert-type items are purported to measure the degree to which a person subordinates individual goals to those of his or her parents.

This two-item, six-point, Likert-type scale measures the degree to which a person believes shopping is the wife's responsibility. It was referred to as traditional sex role orientation by Hawes and Lumpkin (1984).