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I really appreciate your marketing scales database online. It is an important resource for both our students and our researchers as well. Since my copies of the original books are slowly disintegrating due to the intensive use, I am happy that you are making them available in this way. It is very helpful in the search for viable constructs on which to do sound scientific research.
Dr. Ingmar Leijen
Vrije Universiteit University, Amsterdam

Communication Encouragement (Parent/Child)

The scale is composed of four, five-point Likert-type statements measuring the degree to which a person (a parent) believes that children should be free to candidly express their own views and disagreements with parents when they feel like it. This scale was called encouraging verbalization by Schaefer and Bell (1958).