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Testimonial

I have relied on the Marketing Scales Handbooks over several years in academic and industry roles and look forward to using the newest edition. A seven on a seven-point satisfaction scale!
Tom Prinsen, Ph.D.
Global Manager Market Intelligence, Biomet Orthope

Cynicism (Political)

A four-item, five-point Likert-type scale is used to measure a person's belief about the ability and/or desire of government to handle what one perceives to be important matters. This scale was referred to as political trust by Durand and Lambert (1985).