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Scale Reviews

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I really appreciate your marketing scales database online. It is an important resource for both our students and our researchers as well. Since my copies of the original books are slowly disintegrating due to the intensive use, I am happy that you are making them available in this way. It is very helpful in the search for viable constructs on which to do sound scientific research.
Dr. Ingmar Leijen
Vrije Universiteit University, Amsterdam

Donor Motivation (Self-Expression)

Six, seven-point Likert-type items are used to measure the degree to which a person's motivation for giving a certain amount of money or time to a cause is a reflection of who he/she is inside rather than being externally-driven.