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Testimonial

As a researcher, it's important to use validated scales to ensure reliability and improve interpretation of research results. The Marketing Scales database provides an easy, unified source to find and reference scales, including information on reliability and validity.
Krista Holt
Senior Director, Research & Design, Vital Findings

E-Service Quality (Contact Availability)

Composed of three, five-point Likert-type items, the scale measures the degree to which a consumer believes that a particular website, most likely an online retailer, provides ways for customers to reach them and even speak with a live representative if desired.