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Scale Reviews

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Testimonial

The Handbook series is a significant compendium of scales published in the most impacting marketing literature. I am a proud owner of the series and hope to be able to continue collecting the volumes in the years to come.
Dr. Emanuel Said
Lecturer in Marketing, University of Malta

Financial Situation (Negative Affect)

With five, seven-point Likert-type items, the scale measures how much a person believes that thinking about his/her discretionary purchases would result in various negative feelings.