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Scale Reviews

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I really appreciate your marketing scales database online. It is an important resource for both our students and our researchers as well. Since my copies of the original books are slowly disintegrating due to the intensive use, I am happy that you are making them available in this way. It is very helpful in the search for viable constructs on which to do sound scientific research.
Dr. Ingmar Leijen
Vrije Universiteit University, Amsterdam

Place Attachment (Physical)

The strength of a person’s emotional bond to a physical place is measured with four, seven-point Likert-type items.  To be clear, the scale is intended to measure attachment to the physical aspect of the place rather than attachment to the people who come there.