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Scale Reviews

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I really appreciate your marketing scales database online. It is an important resource for both our students and our researchers as well. Since my copies of the original books are slowly disintegrating due to the intensive use, I am happy that you are making them available in this way. It is very helpful in the search for viable constructs on which to do sound scientific research.
Dr. Ingmar Leijen
Vrije Universiteit University, Amsterdam

Self-Esteem (State)

The full version of the scale uses twenty, five-point statements to measure a person's sense of self-esteem at a specific point in time. Thus, given the directions shown below, this is a state measure of a person's self-esteem rather than a more stable personality trait.