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Scale Reviews

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Testimonial

The Marketing Scales Handbook is indispensible in identifying how constructs have been measured and the support for a measure's validity and reliability. I have used it since the beginning as a resource in my doctoral seminar and as an aid to my own research. An electronic version will make it even more accessible to researchers in Marketing and affiliated fields.
Dr. Terry Childers
Iowa State University

Shyness

This is a three-item, five-point scale that assesses the experience a person has had with shyness-related emotions. The directions and response scale can be worded so as to measure the intensity of the emotional state at the present time or they can be adjusted to measure the frequency with which a person has experienced the emotion during some specified time period. One-word items were used in the study by Westbrook and Oliver (1991) whereas phrases based on those same items were used by Allen, Machleit, and Kleine (1992). This scale has also been referred to as shame.